• Mangesh R.Pande PG Student M.Tech 4th Semester, Department of Electrical Engineering, G. H. Raisoni University Amravati, Maharashtra, INDIA
  • Prof. Harshal V. Takpire Department of Electrical Engineering, G.H.Raisoni University Amravati, Maharashtra, INDIA




definite minimum time (dmt), distribution automation (da), fault detection, fault Direction, forward current Reverse current, overcurrent, protection, smart grid, feeder protection.


Over current relays are widely used for protection of power systems, directional ones for transmission side, and non-directional ones for distribution side. The fault direction may be forward (between relay and grid), or reverse (between relay and source), the normal power flow being from source to the grid. Known directional overcurrent relays rely on a reference voltage phasor for estimating the direction of the fault, requiring both current and voltage sensors. This increases the cost of the relays, prohibiting the utilization of such relays in the distribution side protection and automation, which is going to be a key part in the smart grid initiative. In this paper a novel current-only directional detection possibility is highlighted. Breaker is developed in 13 bus bar system.


Download data is not yet available.


iman kiaei and mohammad ghanaatian “current-only directional overcurrent protection Using postfault current”, ieee trans. 2019

i. Kiaei, s. Lotfifard and a. Bose, “secure loss of excitation detection method for synchronousGenerators during power swing conditions,” ieee trans. Energy conv., vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 1907-, dec. 2018.

h. Gharibpour, h. Monsef, m. Ghanaatian, “the comparison of two control methods of power Swing reduction in power system with upfc compensator,” 20th iranian conference electricalEngineering (icee), pp. 386-391, 2012.

p.m. Anderson, “power system protection,” new york: mcgraw-hill, 1999.

i. Kiaei and s. Lotfifard, “a two-stage fault location identification method in multi-area power Grids using heterogeneous types of data," ieee trans. Ind. Informatics, pp. 1-9, dec. 2018.

a. G. Phadke and j. S. Thorp, “synchronized phasor measurements and their applications,”New york: springer, 2008.

a. K. Pradhan, a. Routray, and g. S. Madhan, “fault direction estimation in radial distributionSystem using phase change in sequence current,” ieee trans. Power del., vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 2065–2071, oct. 2007.

s. M. Hashemi, m. T. Hagh, and h. Seyedi, “transmission-line protection: a directionalComparison scheme using the average of Superimposed components,” IEEE trans. Power del.,Vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 955–964, April. 2013.

w. Chen, o. P. Malik, x. Yin, d. Chen, and z. Zhang, “study of wavelet-based ultra high Speed directional transmission line protection,” IEEE trans. Power del., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 1134–1139, oct. 2003.

c. Aguilera, e. Orduña, and g. Rattá, “directional traveling—wave protection based on slope Change analysis,” ieee trans. Power del., vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 2025–2033, oct. 2007.

g. Benmouyal and j. Mahseredjian, “a combined directional and faulted phase selector Element based on incremental quantities,”IEEE trans. Power del., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 478–484,Oct. 2001.

2w. A. Elmore, protective relaying theory and applications, 2nd ed. New york: marcel Dekker, 2003.

p. M. Anderson, power system protection. New york: mcgraw-hill, 1999.

j. Horak, “directional overcurrent relaying (67) concepts,” in proc. 59th ieee conf.protective relay engineers, 2006, pp. 164–176.

standard for measuring relays and protection equipment, no. 60255, int. Eletro-technical Commission (iec), 2008.

a. G. Phadke and j. S. Thorp, synchronized phasor measurements and their applications. New york, springer: , 2008.

i. Daubechies, ten lectures on wavelets. Philadelphia, pa: society for industrial and applied mathematics, 1992. [7] a. Ukil, intelligent systems and signal processing in power engineering. New-york: sp.

s. M. Brahma and a. A. Girgis, “microprocessor-based reclosing to coordinate fuse and recloser in a system with high penetration of distributed generation,” in proc.IEEE power eng. Soc. Winter meeting, vol. 1, pp. 453–458, (2002).

n.hadjsaid, j.canard, and f.dumas, “disperse degeneration impact on distribution networks”, IEEE compute. Appl. Power, vol. 12, pp. 22–28, (1999).

a. A. Girgis and s. M. Brahma, “effect of distributed generation on protective device coordination in distribution system,” in proc. Large eng. Syst. Conf halifax, ns, canada, pp. 115–119,( 2001).

s. M. Brahma and a. A. Girgis, “impact of distributed generation on fuse and relay coordination analysis and remedies” in proc int.assoc. Sci. Technol. Develop. clearwater, fl, pp. 384–389,( 2001).

e. Sortomme, g. J. Mapes, foster, s. S. Venkata. “faultAnalysis and protection of a microgrid”. Ieee transaction on power delivery. Vol. 24, 3, pp. 1045-1053,( 2009).

s. Conti, l. Raffa, and u. Vagliasindi. “innovative solutions for protection schemes in autonomous mv micro-grids”. Ieee int. Conf. On clean electrical power- renewable energy resources impact (iccep’09),capri – Italy june 9-11,( 2009).

h. H. Zeineldin, e. F. El-saadany, and m. M. A. Salama. “protective relay coordination for micro-grid operation using particle swarm optimization”. Ieee large engineering systems conference on power engineering. Pp 152-157,( 2006).

h. Nikkhajoei, r. H. Lasseter. “microgrid protection”. Inproc. Ieee power eng. Soc. General meeting, pp 1-6,(2007).

su qianli, dong xinzhou, shi shenxing, su bin, and hejiali," a new principle of fault line selection for distribution," in proc. 2001 iee the sevent international conference on developments in power system protection conf., pp. 379-382, (2001).

dong xingzhou, bi jianguan, and bo zhiqian,"technique of fault line selection for non-directed ground neutral system," in proc. 2002 upec conf., pp.193-196,(2002).

M.H.Haque, “Efficient Load-flow Method for Distribution Systems with Radial orMesh Configuration”, IEE Proceedings on Generation, Transmission, Distribution,Vol.143, no.1, pp.33-39, January 1996.

U.Eminoglu and M.H.Hocaoglu, “A New Power Flow Method For Radial Distribution Systems Including Voltage Dependent Load Models”, Electric Power Systems Research Vol.76 pp.106-114, 2005.

Prasad K., Sahoo N. C., Chaturvedi A. and Ranjan R, “A Simple Approach In Branch Current Computation In Load Flow Analysis Of Radial Distribution Systems”,International Journal for Electrical Engineering Education, Vol.44/1, pp.1,2007.[100] Ghosh S. and Sherpa K., “An Efficient Method for Load−Flow Solution of RadialDistribution Networks,’’ Proceedings International Journal of Electrical Power andEnergy Systems Engineering, 2008.

S. Sivanagaraju, J. Viswanatha Raoand M. Giridhar,“A loop based loop flow method for weakly meshed distribution network”, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences ISSN 1819-6608, Vol.3,no.4,August 2008.

Kumar A. and Aravindhababu, “An Improved Power Flow Technique for Distribution Systems”, Journal of Computer Science, Informatics and Electrical Engineering ,Vol.3, Issue 1, 2009.

Augugliaro A, Dusonchet L, Favuzza S, Ippolito MG, Riva Sanseverino E,“A Backward sweep method for power flow solution in distribution networks”, Electrical Power and Energy Systems 32 ,271-280 ,2010.

ME thesis by Gurpreet Kaur ,“Load-flow analysis of Radial Distribution Networks ”, from Thapar University under the supervision of Dr. Smarajit Ghosh (Head & Professor, EIED) in June 2012.

D.P.Sharma , A.chaturvedi, G.Purohit & G.Prasad, “An Improved Mechanism of a Leaf Node Identification for Radial Distribution Network”, IEEE Power and Energy Conference organized by university of Illinois, U.S.A, 25-26 February, 2011.




How to Cite

Mangesh R.Pande and Prof. Harshal V. Takpire, “A NEW DIRECTIONAL ELEMENT BASED DISTRIBUTION FEEDER PROTECTION”, IEJRD - International Multidisciplinary Journal, vol. 6, no. 4, p. 11, Jul. 2021.